IFFCO developed nanotechnology based Nano Urea (Liquid) fertiliser to address the imbalanced and excessive use of conventional Urea. This nanofertiliser has been developed indigenously, for the first time in the world at IFFCO - Nano Biotechnology Research Centre (NBRC) Kalol, Gujarat through a proprietary patented technology. Nano Urea (Liquid) is a source of nitrogen which is a major essential nutrient required for proper growth and development of a plant. Nitrogen is a key constituent of amino acids, enzymes, genetic materials, photosynthetic pigments and energy transfer compounds in a plant. Typically, nitrogen content in a healthy plant is in the range of 1.5 to 4%. Foliar application of Nano Urea (Liquid) at critical crop growth stages of a plant effectively fulfils its nitrogen requirement and leads to higher crop productivity and quality in comparison to conventional urea.
Nano Urea (Liquid) contains nanoscale nitrogen particles which have more surface area (10,000 times over 1 mm Urea prill) and number of particles (55,000 nitrogen particles over 1 mm Urea prill).which makes it more impactful. In comparison to Urea the uptake efficiency of Nano Urea is more than 80 %. It is thus, required in lesser measure compared to the conventional urea fertiliser to fulfil plant’s nitrogen requirement. All India efficacy trials have been conducted on 20 ICAR research institutes and State Agricultural Universities on 43 crops. At all India level 11,000 farmer field trials on 90 crops have been undertaken in supervision of Krishi Vigyan Kendras. It has been recorded in the trials that Nano Urea (liquid) increases crop productivity and can reduce the requirement of conventional Urea by 50%. Further, application of nano urea (liquid) improves yield, biomass, soil health and nutritional quality of the produce.
Nano Urea (liquid) has been tested for biosafety and toxicity as per the guidelines of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India and OECD international guidelines. Nano Urea (liquid) is completely safe for human, animals, birds, rhizosphere organisms and environment at the recommended levels of application. Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, DAC & FW, Government of India, has notified IFFCO Nano Urea (Liquid) as a nanofertilizer under the Fertilizer Control Order (FCO).
Major characteristic features of the IFFCO Nano Urea are as follows -
IFFCO Nano Urea (liquid) has manifold benefits:
When sprayed on leaves Nano Urea easily enters through stomata and other openings and is assimilated by the plant cells. It is easily distributed through phloem from source to sink inside the plant as per its need. Unutilised nitrogen is stored in the plant vacuole and is slowly released for proper growth and development of plant. Nano Urea (Liquid) does not involve any government subsidy and will be made available to farmers at a 10% lower price than a bag of subsidised Urea. Transportation would be easier and economical, as one 500 ml bottle would be equivalent to one bag of regular urea fertiliser.