Bio Fertilisers

Low cost, environment-friendly, Biofertilisers are an essential source of plant nutrient

Biofertilisers are good source for enhancing the nutrient availability in soil and plants. These are categorized on basis of the specific nutrient availability concern. Nitrogenous Biofertilisers are capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen when suitable crops are inoculated with them. Biofertilisers are low cost, effective,environmental friendly and renewable source of plant nutrients to supplement fertilisers. Integration of chemical, organic and biological sources of plant nutrients and their management is necessary for maintaining soil health for sustainable agriculture. The bacterial organisms present in the biofertiliser either fix atmospheric nitrogen or solubilise insoluble forms of soil nutrients. IFFCO is producing nitrogen fixing biofertilisers (Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Acetobacter),Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB) for phosphorus, Potassium Mobilizing Biofertiliser (KMB) for potassium, Zinc Solubilizing Biofertiliser (ZSB) for zinc and NPK liquid consortia for nitrogen, phosphorus & potassium. To cater the growing demand of liquid biofertilisers, IFFCO has focus to produce liquid biofertilisers instead of solid carrier based. The main advantages of liquid biofertiliser are higher efficiency, easier application & handling, and better shelf life.

Biofertilisers producing units :

Location Commissioned w.e.f. Annual capacity (in Lakh Litres)
CORDET, Phulpur (Uttar Pradesh) March, 1996 6.0
CORDET, Kalol (Gujarat) November, 2003 2.0
CORDET, Paradeep (Odisha) April, 2016 1.0
CORDET, Aonla (Uttar Pradesh) April , 2017 2.0
Total 11.0
Biofertilisers production
Year Solid Based (MT) Liquid Based (‘000 Litres)
2012-13 1412 88.0
2013-14 1417 107.9
2014-15 1222 134.7
2015-16 922 255.7
2016-17 82 812.9

Phosphate Solubilising Micro Organism

Several soil bacteria and fungi possess the ability to bring insoluble phosphates into soluble forms by secreting organic acids. They can be applied to and recommended for all crops


Rhizobium

It is the most important nitrogen fixing organism. It live symbiotically in the root nodules of leguminous plants and supply nitrogen to the plant through nitrogen fixation. Besides, supplying nitrogen to the crop, nitrogen fixed by legume - Rhizobia association would also leave residual nitrogen for the succeeding crops. The beneficiary crops are Groundnut, Soybean, Red-gram, Green-gram, Black-gram, Lentil, Cow pea, Bengal-gram and Fodder legumes.


Azotobacter

It is non symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria recommended for non leguminous crops like Paddy, Wheat, Millets, Cotton, Tomato, Cabbage, Mustard, Safflower and Sunflower. The Azotobacter performs well if the soil organic matter content is high.


Acetobacter

It is a symbiotic bacteria capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen by living within the sugar plant. They are found in all parts of plant body. It is suitable for sugarcane cultivation.


Potassium Mobilizing Biofertiliser (KMB)

Potassium (K) availability in soil is also influenced by by microbial activities in the rhizosphere which releases K from the non-exchangeable reserve. These microorganisms are commonly known as potassium solubilizing bacteria or potassium dissolving bacteria. The most important potassium solubilising bacteria are silicate bacteria such as Bacillus mucilaginous, B. edaphicus, B. glucanolyticus and B. circulans.


Zinc Solubilizing Biofertiliser (ZSB)

Some microbes have efficiency to solubilize zinc from the insoluble form by secretion of some organic acids, and these are known as zinc solubilizing bacteria are mainly belongs to genus of Bacillus.


NPK Liquid Consortia

Consortium of Rhizobium, Azotobacter and Acetobacter, PSB and KMB is prepared for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and potassium to the crops.


Common Price Structure for all types of Liquid Biofertilisers are as under

Biofertiliser Liquid
(Packing Size)
MRP (Rs./Unit)
(inclusive taxes)
250 ml 60.00
500 ml 110.00
1 liter 200.00

Production of BIO – Fertilisers

Cooperative Rural Development Trust (CORDET) - PHULPUR & KALOL (Annual Capacity 75 MT & 165 MT) (Qty in MT)

STRAIN 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05
Rhizobium 5.07 3.81 5.5 5.39 7.37
Azotobacter 45.72 55.37 56.22 56.73 120.2
PSM 51.8 72.07 71.17 71.24 172.77
Aectobacter 0 0 0 0 30.43
Total Production 102.6 131.62 133.23 136.5 339.13
Capacity Utilisation (%) 136.8 175.49 177.64 182 141.3

Cooperative Rural Development Trust (CORDET)- KALOL commissioned w.e.f. 16.02.2004 with annual capacity of 165 MT.